Published 7. December 2020
The hologenome theory of evolution argues that organisms evolve together with their microbiomes, and that the microbial community affects the general health of the host when it gets environmentally stressed. Our understanding of gastrointestinal microbiota and its interactions with host physiology and immune function has been significantly increased during the last two decades. It is now safe to say that the hologenome theory has proved itself to a large extent.